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ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS): click here for more details.

  • Endometriosis.  
    Bulun SE. N Engl J Med 2009;360:268-79
    • a review

  • Update on the diagnosis and treatment of bladder endometriosis
    Pastor-Navarro H, Gimenez-Bachs JM, Donate-Moreno MJ, et al. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 Mar 15; [Epub ahead of print] 
    • common clinical manifestations of bladder endometriosis include menouria and urethral and pelvic pain syndrome occurring cyclically 
    • cystoscopy is the most useful diagnostic test with confirmation by histologic study

  • Clinical aspects and surgical treatment of urinary tract endometriosis: our experience with 31 cases
    Antonelli A, Simeone C, Zani D, et al. Eur Urol 2006;49:1093-8. Epub 2006 Apr 4
    • the authors conclude that cystoscopy is advisable in women with pelvic endometriosis with lower urinary tract symptoms
    • in their hands, partial cystectomy gave the best results when used to treat bladder endometriosis

    editorial comment: 
    "Bladder involvement presents with irritative symptoms in more than 70% of patients, which indicates that this condition should be part of the differential diagnosis of interstitial cystitis"

  • Bladder detrusor endometriosis mimicking interstitial cystitis.  
    Sircus SI, Sant GR, Ucci AA Jr. Urology 1988;32:339-42  
    • the authors conclude that endometriosis involving the muscular wall of the bladder may cause symptoms similar to those of interstitial cystitis. 
    • vesical endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of interstitial cystitis, especially in patients with a history of prior gynecologic or pelvic surgery


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