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ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS): click here for more details.

This page consists of three sections:

  • General aspects of chronic prostatitis

  • Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis including granulomatous prostatitis, eosinophilic prostatitis and autoimmune prostatitis 

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis

  • General

- Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and male interstitial cystitis: enigmas and opportunities
Forrest JB, Nickel JC, Moldwin RM. Urology 2007;69(4 Suppl):60-3. 

- Clinical practice. Chronic prostatitis and the chronic pelvic pain syndrome.  
Schaeffer AJ. N Engl J Med 2006;355:1690-8  
• a Clinical Practice article


  • Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis

- Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and interstitial cystitis: are they related?  
Pontari MA. Curr Urol Rep 2006;7:329-34 

- Interstitial cystitis, chronic nonbacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men: a common and frequently identical clinical entity.  
Forrest JB, Schmidt S. J Urol 2004;172(6 Pt 2):2561-2   

- Interstitial cystitis, gynecologic pelvic pain, prostatitis, and their epidemiology.  

Diokno AC, Homma Y, Sekiguchi Y, Suzuki Y. Int J Urol 2003;10 Suppl:S3-6.   

- Etiology: where does prostatitis stop and interstitial cystitis begin?  

Eisenberg ER, Moldwin RM. World J Urol 2003;21:64-9

- Observations on the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of interstitial cystitis in men.  

Forrest JB, Vo Q. Urology 2001;57(6 Suppl 1):26-9 


  • Granulomatous prostatitis  

​- Granulomatous prostatitis
Uzoh CC, Uff JS, Okeke AA. BJU Int 2006 Dec 1; [Epub ahead of print] 
    • granulomatous prostatitis (GnP) accounts for about 1% of benign inflammatory conditions of the prostate 
    • GnP mimics prostate cancer clinically, histologically, biochemically, ultrasonographically and radiologically 
    • carcinoma was clinically suspected in up to 59% of cases of GnP and cCarcinoma coexisted in 10–14% of patients with            clinically diagnosed GnP
    • in this review the dilemma of clinical management, especially when GnP is found on prostatic biopsies, is discussed   

- Granulomatous prostatitis linked to HLA-DRB1*1501.  

Alexander RB, Mann DL, Borkowski AA, et al. J Urol 2004;171:2326-9 

  • Eosinophilic prostatitis 

Churg-Strauss syndrome presenting with eosinophilic prostatitis
Kiyokawa H, Koyama M, Kato H. Int J Urol 2006;13:838-40 

- [A 46-year-old-patient with granulomatous prostatitis, arthralgia and haemorrhagic rhinitis]  [Article in German]  
Heldmann F, Brandt J, Schoppe H, et al. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2006;131:22-5

  • Autoimmune prostatitis 

Abacterial prostatitis and primary biliary cirrhosis with Sjögren's syndrome.  
Yasuda S, Ogura N, Horita T, et al. Mod Rheumatol 2004;14:70-2

IgG4-associated prostatitis complicating autoimmune pancreatitis.  
Yoshimura Y, Takeda S, Ieki Y, et al. Intern Med 2006;45:897-901 

- Immunological alterations in the ejaculate of chronic prostatitis patients: clues for autoimmunity.  
John H, Maake C, Barghorn A,  et al. Andrologia 2003;35:294-9 

- Autoimmune prostatitis: evidence of T cell reactivity with normal prostatic proteins.  
Alexander RB, Brady F, Ponniah S. Urology 1997;50:893-9


  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis  

- Management of bacterial prostatitis: what's new?
Naber KG. BJU Int 2008 Mar;101 Suppl 3:7-10.
500 mg levofloxacin once daily for 4 weeks is as effective as 500 mg ciprofloxacine twice daily

- Chronic bacterial prostatitis: an evolving clinical enigma.  
Nickel JC, Moon T. Urology 2005;66:2-8 

- The role of antibiotics in chronic bacterial prostatitis.  
Wagenlehner FM, Weidner W, Sorgel F, et al. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2005;26:1-7 

- Voiding dysfunction associated with "chronic bacterial prostatitis".  
Ghobish A. Eur Urol 2002;42:159-62

CONFUSABLE DISEASES - Chronic Prostatitis

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