New cystoscopic diagnosis for interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome using narrow-band imaging system.
Ueda T, Nakagawa M, Okamura M, Tanoue H, Yoshida H, Yoshimura N. Int J Urol 2008;15:1039-43
The role of cystoscopy in the diagnosis of Hunner's ulcer disease.
Braunstein R, Shapiro E, Kaye J, Moldwin R. J Urol 2008;180:1383-6
- this study shows that standard clinical evaluation cannot reliably distinguish IC patients with and without a Hunner's lesion
- the authors conclude that cystoscopy is needed to accurately identify patients with Hunner's ulcer
- in this study, the diagnosis of IC was strictly made according to the NIDDK criteria implying that cystoscopy with hydrodistension was done
Diagnostic criteria, classification, and nomenclature for painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis: an ESSIC proposal.
van de Merwe JP, Nordling J, Bouchelouche P, et al. Eur Urol 2008;53:60-7
Efficacy of prednisone for severe refractory ulcerative interstitial cystitis.
Soucy F, Gregoire M. J Urol 2005;173:841-3; discussion 843 PMID: 15711286
Intravesical nitric oxide production discriminates between classic and nonulcer interstitial cystitis.
Logadottir YR, Ehren I, Fall M, et al. J Urol 2004;171:1148-50
- luminal nitric oxide was measured in the bladder of patients using a chemiluminescence nitric oxide (NO) analyzer
- all patients with classic IC (=with Hunner's lesion, BPS types 3A, 3B and 3C) had high levels of NO
- none of the other patients had any significant increase in NO levels in the bladder
- the NO level in patients with classic IC was not related to symptoms but rather to the assignment to this specific subgroup of IC
- the highest levels of NO were found in patients in the initial phase of classic IC
Primary evaluation of patients suspected of having interstitial cystitis (IC).
Nordling J et al. Eur Urol 2004;45:662-9 PMID: 15082211
Interstitial cystitis: how should we diagnose it and treat it in 2004?
Nordling J. Curr Opin Urol 2004;14:323-7 PMID: 15626873
Toward a precise definition of interstitial cystitis: further evidence of differences in classic and nonulcer disease.
Peeker R, Fall M. J Urol 2002;167:2470-2 PMID: 11992059
Biopsy features are associated with primary symptoms in interstitial cystitis: results from the interstitial cystitis database study
Tomaszewski JE, Landis JR, Russack V, et al. Interstitial Cystitis Database Study Group. Urology 2001;57 (Suppl 1):67-81 [PMID: 11378053]
Lepinard V.Ann Urol (Paris) 1998;32:349-51 French [PMID: 9922840]
Long-term experience with pentosanpolysulfate in interstitial cystitis.
Jepsen JV, Sall M, Rhodes PR, et al. Urology 1998;51:381-7 [PMID: 9510339]
[Chronic interstitial cystitis (Hunner) associated verrucous carcinoma of the urinary bladder].
Hamm M, Kirch B, Rottger P, Rathert P. Urologe A 1997;36:50-3 German [PMID: 9123682]
Seeking a rational approach to the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis
Pontari MA. Medscape Womens Health 1996;1:2 [PMID: 9746627]
Discrimination between the ulcerous and the nonulcerous forms of interstitial cystitis by noninvasive findings
Koziol JA, Adams HP, Frutos A. J Urol 1996;155:87-90 [PMID: 7490906]
Effect of repeated instillation of interstitial cystitis urine on the rabbit urinary bladder
Ruggieri MR, Hanno PM, Whitmore KE, Balagani RK. Urology 1993;42:646-52 [PMID: 8256398]
The association of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Hunner's cystitis
Mana F, Mets T, Vincken W, et al. Chest 1993;104:642-4 [PMUI: 8339671]
Abnormal urothelial HLA-DR expression in interstitial cystitis
Christmas TJ, Bottazzo GF. Clin Exp Immunol 1992;87:450-4 [PMID: 1544229]
Epithelial dysfunction in nonbacterial cystitis (interstitial cystitis)
Parsons CL, Lilly JD, Stein P. J Urol 1991;145:732-5 [PMID: 2005689]
A case of interstitial cystitis and Hunner’s ulcer in a domestic shorthaired cat.
Clasper M. N Z Vet J 1990;38: 158-60PMID: 16031604
Histamine and mucosal mast cells in interstitial cystitis
Enerback L, Fall M, Aldenborg F. Agents Actions 1989;27:113-6 [PMID: 2750582]
[Interstitial cystitis. Current aspects]
Lepinard V, Saint-Andre JP, Rognon LM. J Urol (Paris) 1984;90:455-65 French [PMID: 6530558]
Successful treatment of lupus erythematosus cystitis with DMSO
Sotolongo JR Jr, Swerdlow F, Schiff HI, et al. Urology 1984;23:125-7
[Interstitial cystitis. Apropos of 11 cases]
Lepinard V, Soret JY, Rognon LM. Sem Hop. 1983;59:2547-50 French [PMID: 6316512]
Interstitial cystitis: early diagnosis, pathology, and treatment
Messing EM, Stamey TA. Urology 1978;12:381-92 [PMID: 213864]
Transurethral resection of Hunner’s ulcer.
Greenberg E, Barnes R, Stewart S, Furnish T. J Urol 1974;111:764-6 PMID: 4830879
Chronic ulcerating interstitial cystitis (Hunner's ulcer). A study of 28 cases.
Smith BH, Dehner LP. Arch Pathol 1972;93:76-81 PMID: 5007000
[Interstitial cystitis. Hunner's ulcer]
Farsund T. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 1971;91:211-2. Norwegian [PMID: 5539961]
Hunner’s ulcer (chronic interstitial cystitis). A manifestation of collagen disease.
Shipton EA. Br J Urol 1965;37:443-9 PMID: 14346453
[Treatment of ulcus simplex of the urinary bladder (Hunner's ulcer) with heparin]
Karpati F. Orv Hetil 1965;106:1277-8 Hungarian [PMID: 14322208]
[Treatment of the ulcus simplex vesicae urinariae (Hunner's ulcer) with heparin]
Karparti F. Z Urol. 1964;57:895-8 German [PMID: 14339928]
[Experiences with sigmoidovesicoplasty in Hunner's ulcer]
Houtappel HC. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1963;107:1586-8. Dutch. PMID: 
Hunner’s ulcer: a review of its cause and treatment.
Lovel TW. Oxf Med Sch Gaz 1961;13:182-7
Selective sacral neurotomy for Hunner's ulcer.
Mason TH, Haines GL, Leversee BW. J Neurosurg 1960;17:22-6 [PMID: 14422070]
Hunner ulcer of the bladder: a report of 187 cases.
Burford EH, Burford CE. J Urol 1958;79:952-5
In memoriam; Guy Le Roy Hunner; 1869-1957
Kuder R. Md State Med J 1958;7:77-8
Kinder CH, Smith RD. Br J Urol 1958;30:338-43 [PMID: 13584775]
The role of the lymphatics in interstitial cystitis (Hunner's ulcer)
Riba LW. J Urol 1958;79:942-51 [PMID: 13539989]
Selective sacral neurectomy for Hunner's ulcer with neurophysiologic observations
Whitfield RD, Myers PW, Milner WA, Campbell E. Surg Forum 1957;7:567-9 [PMID: 13433444]
Local hydrocortisone for Hunner's ulcer of the bladder; preliminary report
Johnston JH. Br Med J 1956;32:698-9 [PMID: 13356050]
The management of Hunner's ulcer by differential sacral neurotomy: preliminary report.
Moulder MK, Meirowsky AM. J Urol 1956;75:261-2
An experimental study of the elusive bladder ulcer of Hunner.
Baumrucker GO. J Int Coll Surg 1955;23(2, Part 1):221-5.
[Treatment of Hunner's ulcer]
Wojewski A. Pol Przegl Chir 1955;27:1219-22 Polish [PMID: 13322682]
Effect of ACTH on Hunner's ulcer of the urinary bladder
Burke J, Vernon HK. Br Med J 1952;2:477 [PMID: 14944872]
Infiltration treatment of Hunner ulcer.
Rose DK. J Urol 1951;65:1021-32
Treatment of Hunner ulcer.
Powell TO. Urol Cutaneous Rev 1949;53:397-400.
Circumscribed pan-mural ulcerative cystitis: elusive ulcer (Hunner).
Keene FE. Ann Surg 1920;71:479-85
Interstitial cystitis: report of cases.
Peterson A, Hager BH. Cal West Med 1929;31:262-7.
• the authors say: Many continue to refer to it as an ulcer, but it is not an ulcer in the true sense of the conception. The term is poor because it conveys something which it is not.
Elusive ulcer of the bladder: further notes on a rare type of bladder ulcer with report of 25 cases.
Hunner G. Am J Obstet 1918;78:374-95
A rare type of bladder ulcer in women: report of cases.
Hunner GL. Boston Med Surg J 1915;172:660-4