ESSIC uses the name bladder pain syndrome (BPS) instead of interstitial cystitis (IC) and/or painful bladder syndrome (PBS): 
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A referral center’s experience with transitional cell carcinoma misdiagnosed as interstitial cystitis. 

​       Tissot WD, Diokno AC, Peters KM. J Urol 2004;172:478-80 

  • a retrospective review of patient records showed that between 1998 and 2002 a total of 600 patients were seen with the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis (IC) 

  • six patients (1%) previously diagnosed as having IC were found to have transitional cell carcinoma as the cause of symptoms, 4 of whom (67%) had no hematuria

  • the authors conclude that patients with irritative voiding symptoms require a thorough evaluation which may include cystoscopy, cytology and upper tract imaging; they expect that the number of wrong diagnoses of IC would increase if the criteria to diagnose IC and initiate treatment were oversimplified

General information on some important aspects of urinary bladder cancer

       Reuter VE. Urology 2006;67(3 Suppl 1):11-7; discussion 17-8.

       van Rhijn BW, van der Poel HG, van der Kwast TH. Eur Urol 2005;47:736-48

       Dinney CP, McConkey DJ, Millikan RE, et al. Cancer Cell 2004;6:111-6 - an illustrated review

       Serel TA, Soyupek S, Candir O. Urol Int 2004;72:299-302